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高考英语强调句


来源:衡阳德胜家教吧 日期:2014-01-11

高考英语强调句

强调是有效地进行思想交流的重要手段之一。人们在交际过程中,为了使自己的思想能被对方恰当的理解,必须加强语气,突出重要的内容,增加对比效果与感情色彩,这时就会用到强调。强调常见的表现形式如下:

一、强调句型

为了强调句子的某一成分(通常是主语、宾语、或状语),常用强调句型:It is (was) +被强调部分+that(who)… 表示强调的 it 在句子中作主句的主语;被强调部分可以是主语,宾语,表语或状语;强调的主语如果是人,that和who都可用。如:

Last night I saw a film in the Youth Palace.          

强调主语:It was I that (or: who) saw a film in the Youth Palace last night.

强调宾语:It was a film that I saw in the Youth Palace last night.

强调地点状语:It was in the Youth Palace that I saw a film last night.

强调时间状语:It was last night that I saw a film in the Youth Palace.

另外,还要注意下面几点:

1)在强调主语时,that 后的谓语动词要与被强调者保持人称和数的一致。如:

It is I who am a teacher.

2)即使被强调的主语是复数,主句中的谓语动词也用单数。如:

It is they who often help me with my lessons.

3)在强调时间、地点、原因或方式状语时,不能用when,where,why或 how ,而要用that 。如:

It was because her mother was ill that she didn't go with us.

It was only when I reread his poems recently that I began to appreciate their beauty.  

It was the house that the murder happened.

4)在强调not … until 结构中由 until 短语(或从句)表示的时间状语时,要用固定的强调句型:It is(was) not until ...that... 注意此时原句的not…until要变成not until ,that 从句中的谓语动词要用肯定式。如:

My father didn't come home until 12 o'clock last night.

It was not until 12 o'clock last night that my father came home.

I didn’t realize she was a famous film star until she took off her dark glasses.

It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a famous film star.

5)原句的谓语动词如果是现在或将来的各种时态,用It is…that (who)…;如果原句谓语动词是过去各种时态,则用It was… that(who)…

6)在强调一般疑问句中的某一成分时,主句要用一般疑问句的语序。that后面的原句其余部分在移走了被强调部分后词序及词形都不可以改动。如:

Did this happen in Beijing?

Was it in Beijing that this happened?

7)特殊疑问句中只有疑问词可以强调,其强调结构是“疑问词+is (was) it that...? " 如:

Where were you born?

Where was it that you were born?

8)强调句型容易和句型It is/was+名词+that名词从句混淆。如果把构成强调句型结构的词It is (was) … that(who)… 去掉,被强调部分归位后,应该能够形成一个完整 的句子(这也是判断是否是强调句型的方法)。但后者的It is/was…that 是不可去掉的,否则that前的名词就找不到位置,原句也不再成立,如下面这个句子如去掉It is/was…that就不再完整:

It was the rule of the school that the pupils should wear their school uniforms.

    强调句型还容易跟It is/was+形容词+that名词从句这一句型混淆。如:It is clear (obvious, true, possible, certain....) that ..... 该句型中it 是形式主语,真正的主语是that 引导的主语从句,常译为”清楚(显然, 真的, 肯定…)”是主语从句最常见的一种结构。   

It is very clear that he’s round and tall like a tree.   

That he’s round and tall like a tree is very clear.

9)强调句可以用作宾语从句。如:

He told me that it was because he was late for class that he was punished.

I really can’t remember where it was that I first met the man.

10)强调句型可有如下变体:It is/was变成“情态动词+be”。如:

It may be my bike that he is riding.

It must have been the manager that spoke to you.

11)与疑问词连用构成特殊疑问句和感叹句。如:

Whom was it that Mr. Smith saw in the park yesterday?

Why is it that silver is not widely used as a conductor?

What a beautiful picture it is that you have drawn!

12)被强调的名词或代词可带有一个定语从句。如:

Was it Bill, who plays football well, that helped the blind man cross the road?

It was in the school, where(or:in which) I once studied, that we hold a party.

Was it in the house, which we visited last year,  that the murder happened?

二、用助动词do或其变化形式does,did来强调句中谓语动词,用来加强陈述句和祈使句的语气,译作“的确”,“一定”,“确实”。如:

He did send you a letter last week.  

We’re pleased that she does intend to come.

Do write to me when you get there.

三、用倒装句来加强语气。如:

Only in this way can we solve this problem.

Never will China be the first to use nuclear weapons. 

Proud as these nobles are, they are afraid to see me.
In front of the farmhouse there sat a little boy.

四、用形容词, 副词或者否定词very, never, ever, even, still , single,simply, just ,only, too等来表示强调。如:

At that very monent he heard a cry for help.

I can't even remember the name of that old friend of mine.

Not a single person has been in the office this afternoon.

You are the only person here who can speak Chinese.

This is just what I wanted.

五、用what引导的名词性从句或wh-疑问词+ever构成的复合词引导的状语从句来强调从句中的主语,宾语或状语等。如:

What Mary does every day is to give piano lessons. 

Whenever you come to me, you can come right in.

六、反复使用同一个词来加强语气 ,可反复使用词的一般是动词, 副词,形容词和名词。如:

He worked (and) worked until late at night.

They walked for miles and miles.

I'll never, never forget you.

七、 用“at all”,“in every way”,“in no way”,“by all means”,“by no means”,“only too”,“all too”,“but too”,“in heaven”,“in the world”,“in hell”,“on earth”,“under the sun”等来加强疑问或否定语气。如:

Where in the world did you go just now ?

What on earth are you doing?

She's not in the least angry with me.

The clerk is not at all fit for the post.

八、用感叹句来表示强烈的感情,突出说话人的情感。如:

How interesting a story it is!

九、 用反身代词表示强调 。如:

I myself will see her off at the station.

You can do it well yourself.

十、用破折号、黑体字也可以表示强调,加强语气:

It's because of hard work—ten years of hard work.

高中英语强调句型练习30题及答案详解

 1. It _____ Mike and Mary who helped the old man several days ago.

A. was                 B. are                          C. were              D. had been

2. It was not until 1920 _____ regular radio broadcasts began.
A. which              B. when                C. that                D. since

3. She said she would go and she ________ go.

A. didn’t               B. did                   C. really              D. would

4. It was the training _____ he had as a young man _____ made him such a good engineer.

A. what; that          B. that; what         C. that; which               D. which; that

5. — Were all three people in the car injured in the accident?

  — No, ______ only the two passengers who got hurt.

A. there were         B. it were              C. there was         D. it was

6. It was not until 1936___baseball became a regular part of Olympic Games.

A. then                 B. which               C. that                         D. when

7. ___in 1943___the harmful smog made its appearance in Los Angeles.

A. Only… that               B. It was… then

C. That it was… when        D. It was… that

8. It was on the National Day___ she met with her separated sister.
A. that                  B. where               C. when               D. which

9. ___the 1500's___the first European explored the coast of California.

A. It was until……then        B. It was not until … when

C. It is until……that         D. It was not until……that

10. ___in this room that our first meeting was held.

A. Just when         B. When               C. Where            D. It was

11. It was last night ___ I see the comet.

A. the time          B. when             C. that        D. which

12. It was only with the help of the local guide ___________.

A. was the mountain climber rescued          B. that the mountain climber was rescued

C. when the mountain climber was rescued    D. then the mountain climber was rescued

13. The Foreign Minister said, “_______ our hope that the two sides will work towards peace.”

A. This is                  B. There is     C. That is               D. It is

14.Was _____ that I saw last night at the concert?

A. it you                   B. not you      C. you          D. that yourself

15.It was _____ he said _____ disappointed me.

A. what, that            B. that, that     C. what, what            D. that, what

16.It was with great joy           he received the news that his lost daughter had been found.

A.because                B.which     C.since             D.that

17. It is ______ any wonder that his friend doesn’t like watching television much.

A. no             B. such          C. nearly                D. hardly

18.It was          back home after the experiment.

A.not until midnight did he go                         B.until midnight that he didn’t go

C.not until midnight that he went                    D.until midnight when he didn’t go

19.Was it in 1969 _____ the American astronaut succeeded _____ landing on the moon?

A. when, on              B. that, on         C. when, in        D. that, in

20. It is these poisonous products _______ can cause the symptoms of the flu, such as headache and aching muscles.

A. who                 B. that           C. how              D. what

21.It is the ability to do the job _______matters not where you come from or what you are.
A. one                  B. that             C. what           D. it

22. It was not until 1920 _____ regular radio broadcasts began.

A. while                B. which              C. that           D. since

23. _____ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.

A. There       B. This                   C. That             D. It

24. It was only with the help of the local guide ___________.

A. was the mountain climber rescued             B. that the mountain climber was rescued

C. when the mountain climber was rescued      D. then the mountain climber was rescued

25. Who was it _____ put so many large stones on the road?

A. this             B. that              C. he                       D. she

26. What a silly mistake it is _____ you’ve made!

A. it                 B. this                      C. that                     D. which

27. It was the boy _____ had been in prison _____ stole the money.

A. who, where         B. that, how                 C. who, that            D. that, which

28. Why was _____ that the old woman was sent to prison?

A. he                  B. it               C. that                      D. what

29. It was when she was about to go to bed _____ the telephone rang.

A. since                          B. as                        C. that         D. then

30. It may have been at Christmas _____ John gave Mary a handbag.

A. before                         B. who                   C. that            D. when

31. It is the ability to do the job_______ matters not where you come from or what you are. (2000全国卷)

A. one                       B. that                     C. what                          D. it  

32. David said that it was because of his strong interest in literature _______ he chose the course.(2006上海春季)

A. that                     B. what                C. why                      D. how

33. It is these poisonous products _______ can cause the symptoms of the flu, such as headache and aching muscles. (2003上海卷)

A .who                    B. that                 C .how                        D .what

34. Why! I have nothing to confess. _______ you want me to say? (2004上海卷)

A. What is it that          B. What it is that      C. How is it that        D. How it is that

35. It was with great joy _______ he received the news that his lost daughter had been found. (2004 福建卷)

A because                   B which                 C since                 D that

36. An awful accident _______, however, occur the other day. (2000上海卷)

  A. does       B. did        C. has to        D. had to

37. It was not until she got home _______ Jennifer realized she had lost her keys.(2006全国II卷)
A. when                           B. that                          C. where                      D. before

38. It was_______ black home after the experiment.  (2004湖北卷)

A. not until midnight did he go                          B. until midnight that he didn’t go

C. not until midnight that he went                       D. until midnight when he didn’t go

39. —________that he managed to get the information?

   —Oh, a friend of his helped him. (2005山东卷)

  A. Where was it             B. What was it                  C. How was it            D. Why was it

 

 

 

 强调句39题的答案与解析

1. A。强调句式由“It is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。由于句中的动作是发生在过去,故选A。

2. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“It is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。当被强调部分指人时,用who,当被强调部分指物时,用that。

3. B。在谓语动词前加do表示对动作的强调。and连接两个并列谓语,其形式应一致,故用过去时态。

4. A。此题考查的强调句型中包含一个定语从句。What引导的定语从句,修饰被强调部分the training,that

从句构成强调句中的真正主语。

5. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。

6. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。本句强调的是时间。

7. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。本句强调的是时间。

8. A。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。本句强调的是时间。

9. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。本句强调的是时间。not until…意为“直到……才”。

10. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。本句强调的是地点。

11. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。本句强调的是时间。

12. B。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。

13. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。

14. A。此题考查的是强调句的一般疑问句式。强调句的一般疑问句式是“Is/Was +被强调部分+that…”。

15. A。此题考查的强调句中包含一个主语从句。what 引导的名词从句作为被强调部分,that引导的从句构成强调句中的真正主语。

16. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。本句强调的是伴随状语。

17. D。此句是一个强调句。根据题意“他的朋友不怎么喜欢看电视”可知这并没有什么可奇怪的,故排除B和C。no后直接加名词相当于not any +名词,可排除A。故选D。

18. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。本题强调的是时间。not until意为“直到……才”,not一般放在until之前。

19. D。此题考查的是强调句的一般疑问句式。强调句的一般疑问句式是“Is/Was +被强调部分+that…”。succeed in doing sth. 意为“成功做某事”。

20. B。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。

21. B。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。

22. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。此题强调的是时间。

23. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。It在此做形式主语。

24. B。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。

25.B.此题考查的是强调句的特殊疑问句形式。句中仍然用that引导从句。

26. C。此题考查的是强调句的特殊疑问句形式。句中仍然用that引导从句。

27. C。此题考查的强调句中含有一个定语从句。Who引导的定语从句修饰被强调部分the boy,that引导的从句构成强调句中的真正的主语。当被强调部分是人时,可以用that和who来引导从句。

28. B。此题考查的是强调句的特殊疑问句形式。it在此作为形式主语,真正的主语是that从句。

29. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“It is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。此句强调的是时间。

30. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“It is/was + 被强调成分+that/who…”构成。此句强调的是时间。

31. B。首先判断这是强调句型,强调的是主语the ability to do the job,所以选用that。如果原句中谓语动词为过去范畴的时态(一般过去时、过去进行时、过去完成时、过去将来时等),则用It was...that...。如:

32. A。这个句子稍微复杂点。Said that 后面的是宾语从句。然后在这个从句里,有一个it is…that的强调句。整个宾语从句意思说:正是因为他对文学有浓厚的兴趣,他才选择了这个课程。

33. B。本题强调主语these poisonous products.

34. A。本句中强调句型对特殊疑问词what 进行强调,去掉强调句型后句子为What do you want me to say?我们可以看到被强调的what 是say 的宾语。

35. D。对状语with this joy 进行强调。

36. B。本题考查助动词do对动词的强调。从the other day (那天)判断整个句子应用过去时态,A、C两项时态错误,D项不合题意,故选B,did可译为“的确,真地”。

37. B。句意:直到他到家的时候,Jennifer才意识到钥匙丢了。until结构时用于强调句式时,要将否定词not移到until前。

38. C。本题是对强调句型与not……until从句的结合考查,把not移至被强调的部分之后,要注意把句子中的动词用过去式。

39. C。根据下文的答语 a friend of his helped him可知上文是强调方式状语。

 

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